Cannabinoid Information Center

What Is CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the most prevalent cannabinoids found in hemp and cannabis.

The National Center for Biotechnology Information defines cannabidiol (CBD) as: “A phytocannabinoid derived from Cannabis species, which is devoid of psychoactive activity, with analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic and chemopreventive activities”. [1]

CBD works in the human body by binding to and activating CB1 and CB2 receptors, which are part of your body’s endocannabinoid system. Learn more about CBD at ProjectCBD.org

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What is the Endocannabinoid System?
The endocannabinoid system is an endogenous system of physiology involved in sustaining health and wellness. This system is active in everyone, regardless of external cannabinoid consumption. The human body is always producing cannabinoids, which help to regulate a variety of physiological and cognitive processes, including pain reduction, mood, fertility, appetite, and memory. [1] [2]
What is CBD used for?

Cannabidiol has been shown to have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and anxiety reducing properties. [1] In addition, research has shown that CBD can reduce the psychotic-like symptoms brought on by high doses of Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC) [2] [3] [4]. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBD has also been shown to have anti-tumor and neuroprotective properties. [5] In an article published in July of 2018, Medical News Today writes that CBD has received positive attention for its ability to help people deal with pain, epilepsy, anxiety, and a myriad of other ailments. [6]

Is all CBD the same?

The simple answer is no. When hemp is in its “plant form”, the quality of the CBD is impacted by variables such as the genetics of the plant, growing conditions, curing techniques, and storage. When the CBD is extracted from the plant, factors such as the general method of extraction, equipment, personnel experience, and refining processes play a significant role in the quality of the CBD.

CBD vs. THC

Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two most abundant compounds in the cannabis plant. The most significant difference between CBD and THC is their effects. CBD is non-psychoactive, meaning that it does not produce euphoria or intoxication [1]. THC is the main psychoactive cannabinoid in marijuana and is responsible for the euphoric and intoxicating effects of the cannabis flower. Although CBD and THC can coexist in some strains of cannabis, THC is nearly non-existent in industrial hemp.

 

In recent years, research has suggested that CBD has numerous benefits in the human body. CBD has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and anxiety-reducing properties. In addition, CBD has had notable success as an anti-epileptic and analgesic medication. Studies have also shown CBD to reduce the psychoactive effects of THC. [1]

What is the difference between full-spectrum and broad-spectrum?

A full-spectrum oil/finished product has various cannabinoids including CBD, CBDV, CBG, CBN, CBC, and THC (<0.3%). A true broad-spectrum oil/finished product will also have a cannabinoid-rich profile. However, broad-spectrum does not contain THC.

What Is CBG?

Cannabigerol, or CBG, is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid typically most abundant in low-THC and high-CBD cannabis strains, including hemp. Like THC, CBG reacts with the cannabinoid receptors in the brain. CBG, however, acts as a buffer to the psychoactivity of THC by working to alleviate the paranoia sometimes caused by higher levels of THC.

CBG works to fight inflammation, pain, nausea and works to slow the proliferation of cancer cells. Research has shown it also significantly reduces intraocular eye pressure caused by glaucoma. Strains high in CBG will be beneficial treating conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, and cancer.